Roger F. Soll, MD and Eric Gibson, MD
Precision Medicine will allow doctors and researchers to predict more accurately which treatment and prevention strategies for a particular disease will work in which groups of people. Is there a role for precision medicine in neonatology?
Precision medicine allows us to look at specific factors in individuals based on their genomic make-up to understand how there might be differential effects of the therapies we use. It is a stark contrast to a one-size-fits-all approach, in which disease treatments and prevention strategies are developed with less consideration for the differences between individuals. Precision medicine is however, a difficult concept to include into care. Within neonatology, the most effective targets for precision medicine may not necessarily lie in the diagnosis and treatment of rare diseases, but rather in public health efforts and prevention of common conditions such as preterm birth and neonatal abstinence syndrome.